Women rocking the moon: 50% of NASA students are female

by ABCCmain on January 16, 2016

On women astronauts past and present there are great sites (NASA), art (Aleksandra Mir), articles (below) and books (Stephanie Nolen) out there. Here’s three cheers to women studying and exploring space in the earliest days and today. Women in STEM teach us about the world and also inspire younger women to study and explore the sciences, the world and beyond.

From a Women in the World New York Times story Jan 11, 2016: “Three of the four female astronauts who could go to Mars are married, and two are mothers. The hardest part of a Mars trip, according to them, would be being separated from their planet and families for so long. But the job does come with some perks, including a unique perspective. “From space,” says astronaut Anne McClain, “you can’t see borders. What you see is this lonely planet. Here we all are on it, so angry at one another. I wish more people could step back and see how small Earth is, and how reliant we are on one another.

From New York Times Women in the World Jan 11, 2016

National Geo’s 2013 story’ says half of the newest astronauts are female, but that wasn’t always the case.

New Female Astronauts Show Evolution of Women in Space

Russian cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman to fly in space, 53 years ago. Canada’s Roberta Bondar and Julie Payette are other amazing astronauts.

In the early 1960s, 13 U.S. female pilots were selected for an Air Force pilot project at the Lovelace Clinic in New Mexico. They had passed all of the physical and psychological tests that the original Mercury 7 astronauts had taken, and were expected to receive further testing at a Navy facility in Florida—leading to open spots in the astronaut training program.

Days before the testing began, however, the women received telegrams from NASA telling them that the space agency wouldn’t allow them to use the Navy facility. The women went to Washington, pleading for the program to continue.

Women in space remained undesirable throughout the entire Apollo mission. In fact, it would be 20 years before the late Sally Ride became the first U.S. woman in space, piloting the space shuttle Challenger in 1983.

That wasn’t an easy ride.

The world has changed, and keeps changing. A toast to women, science and perspectives from afar.

Wisdom from the past for the new year, it could be worse

by ABCCmain on January 01, 2016

At the close of the year 1914 things were not going well for the men on the Endurance, their ship got stuck, immobilized in the pack ice in Antarctica and eventually was crushed. They had to move onto the ice for their lives. That’s another bit of the story when they then flee to Elephant Island, miraculously survived off the harshest land and are rescued months later. But now lets go to December 1914. Australian Frank Hurley, a talented photographer and Ernest Shackleton’s Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition expedition member, kept a diary. Here are some excerpts. You see the centrality of food and a spirit of endurance.

2015 had its horrors but also many beautiful moments too. A toast to 2016, working together, sharing meals, looking up and keeping our “hoosh [a polar stew] pots clean”.

Frank J. Hurley

From Diary of Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition 1914-1917

Frank Hurley

Dec 31, 1914

One crab-eater and one Weddell seal secured.

Many sweet memories crowd on me as I lay in my bag, meditation the last day in the year. Home, face, places, and our present position that one cannot altogether regard as sweet. Drifting about on an ice floe, 189 miles from the nearest known land. Still, to apply an old sledging motto, “It might be much worse.”

Inside the hut all are comfortable. Sir Ernest is thinking and solving magic squares. We have plenty of food, and with the coming warm season and subsequent dissipation of the ice, are able to greet with cheery aspect the New Year 1916. New years resolutions. We have none to make as there is nothing to make them for, unless it is be to resolve to keep our hoosh pots cleaner – and faces too!

Feb 14,1915

Land seen faintly to S. E, about 40 miles off. A decisive effort was made to free the ship, all hands continuing till midnight, and everyone, like a Trojan would, wielded a pick, ice chisel or any other implement. …By midnight we had cocoa and wished Sir Ernest many happy returns of his 41st birthday, and all to bunk very tired.

The last of the ship, Frank Hurley

Frank Hurley

February 10, 1916

Snow squalls with favouring winds all day. During a clear intermission visited the bergs- game scouting.

Our Blubber supply – the source of fuel – becoming depleted and I being the Nimrod have necessarily to take advantage of every opportunity to maintain the reserve heap.  In scouting amongst loosening pack one must need be both alert and cautious. Skiis are indispensible, cracks 4 and 5 feet have frequently to be crossed and the negotiation of them and brash ice makes one develop a cat like gentleness of tread.  It is astonishing the speed one can travel should a killer happen to poke his head through the thin ice. What curious bosom sensations it excites. Today almost unski-able.

Mar 29 1916

…Raining and sleeting heavily all night confined to tents dripping interior during day. Wind from N.W. and ice very loose, Temp. 33. Invent an exquisite hoosh by mixing our ration of ¼ cake (4 ozs) dog pemmican with a little hot milk and lump of sugar. The taste is greatly enhanced, but more to the point, the bulk is enlarged. By slowly nibbling our midday meal of a 2 oz biscuit and 3 lumps of sugar, we have the mental effect at least of a satisfying repast.

Sat May 6 1916

…Heavy snow during night, the landscape assuming a wintry aspect being almost entirely cloaked in snow…..Work during morning on galley; afternoon snare paddies. The past two days we have secured 45 and are looking forward to to-morro’s lunch. The birds are caught by spreading a slip noose near some bait and being extremely greedy walk readily in. Hussey’s and Cheetham’s birthday. Observe 4 Wedells on the pack.

The present condition of the pack will enforce us wintering here.

Musical evening                                                       Nut food lunch.

Frank Hurley, Elephant Island